Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
(PM&R), Physiatry /fɨˈzaɪ.ətri/
Rehabilitation Medicine is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. A physician having completed training in this field is referred to as a physiatrist or rehab medicine specialist. Physiatrists specialize in restoring optimal function to people with injuries to the muscles, bones, tissues, and nervous system.
What is PHYSICAL THERAPY (PT)?
Physical Therapy is a type of treatment you may need when health problems make it hard to move around and do everyday tasks. It helps you move better and may relieve pain. It also helps improve or restore your physical function and your fitness level.
The goal of physical therapy is to make daily tasks and activities easier.
For example, it may help with walking, going up stairs, or getting in and out of bed.
Physical Therapy can help with recovery after some surgeries.
Your doctor may suggest physical therapy for injuries or long-term health problems such as:
What does a PHYSICAL THERAPIST do?
After a recommendation from a Physiatrist or Rehabilitation Doctor, your physical therapist will examine you and execute a treatment plan. Depending on your condition, your therapist will help you with flexibility, strength, endurance, coordination, and/or balance.
First, your therapist will try to reduce your pain and swelling. Then he or she will probably work to increase your flexibility, strength and endurance.
Physical therapy almost always includes exercise. It can include stretching, core exercises, weight lifting, and walking. Your physical therapist may teach you an exercise program so you can do it at home.
Your physical therapist also may use manual therapy, education, and techniques such as heat, cold, water, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation.
Treatment may cause mild soreness or swelling. This is normal, but talk to your physical therapist if it bothers you.
HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY
HBOT involves breathing pure oxygen in a pressurized chamber. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a well-established treatment for decompression sickness, a hazard of scuba diving. Other conditions treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy include serious infections, bubbles of air in your blood vessels, and wounds that won't heal as a result of diabetes or radiation injury.
In a hyperbaric oxygen therapy, the air pressure is raised up to three times higher than normal air pressure. Under these conditions, your lungs can gather up to three times more oxygen than would be possible breathing pure oxygen at normal air pressure.
Your blood carries this oxygen throughout your body, stimulating the release of substances called growth factors and stem cells, which promote healing.
Acupuncture is the external treatment for internal disorders. The treatment is carried out by inserting acupuncture needles at various pre-determined points over the body. The term "acupuncture" is derived from the Latin words "acus" (needles) and "pungere" (puncture or prick). It is a philosophical approach towards the human body and mind. It is a drugless therapy and therefore least damaging to the physique.
It is based on the Theory of "Yin-Yang". Theory of Opposition yet Interdependence and in constant motion. Qi is simply means "energy + matter".
Acupuncture alone or in acupuncture with physical therapy can provide relief and treatment of more than 400 diseases or conditions. To mention a few, these are the following illnesses commonly treated with Acupuncture.
Acupuncture with Physical Therapy:
• Upper and Low Back Pain
• Stroke / CVA
• Scar / Keloid Therapy
• Frozen Shoulder
• Sprain and Strain
• Nerve and Muscle Pain
• Arthritis and Rheumatism
• Bell’s Palsy
• Facial Paralysis
• Tic Douloureux
• Fibromyalgia and Myofascial Pain Syndrome / Tension Myalgia
• Carpal Tunnel syndrome
• Pain and Work-Related Stress Disorders
• Trigeminal Neuralgia
• Migraine and Tension Headache
• Dizziness and Vertigo
• Deafness and Tinnitus
• Sinusitis, Rhinitis, and Tonsilitis
• Colds and Cough
• Diarrhea and Constipation
• Irregular Menstruation
• Infertility, Cysts, Endometriosis
• Premenstrual Syndrome
• Urticaria and Allergy.
• Herpes Zoster and Post Herpetic Neuralgia
• Irregular Heart Beat
• Sore Throat (Tonsillitis, Pharyngitis or Laryngitis)
• Diabetes Mellitus
• Goiter and Thyroidism
Manual Therapy encompasses the treatment of health ailments of various etiologies through "hands-on", physical intervention. Physical treatments includes massage, soft tissue mobilization, various connective tissue techniques, myofascial release, craniosacral techniques, mobilization of joints, joint manipulation, mobilization of neural tissue, visceral mobilization, and strain and counterstrain.
Manual therapy may be defined differently (according to the profession describing it for legal purposes) to state what is permitted within a practitioners scope of practice. Within the physical therapy profession, manual therapy is defined as a clinical approach utilizing skilled, specific hands-on techniques, including but not limited to manipulation/mobilization, used by the physical therapist to diagnose and treat soft tissues and joint structures for the purpose of modulating pain; increasing range of motion (ROM); reducing or eliminating soft tissue inflammation; inducing relaxation; improving contractile and non-contractile tissue repair, extensibility, and/or stability; facilitating movement; and improving function.
It is a form of drug-free non-invasive manual medicine that focuses on total body health by treating and strengthening the musculoskeletal framework, which includes the joints, muscles and spine. Its aim is to positively affect the body's nervous, circulatory and lymphatic systems. This therapy is a unique holistic (whole body) approach to health care. Osteopaths do not simply concentrate on treating the problem area, but use manual techniques to balance all the systems of the body, to provide overall good health and well-being. The principles of osteopathic medicine emphasize the interrelationship between structure and function of the body and recognize the body's ability to heal itself; it is the role of the osteopathic practitioner to facilitate that process. This philosophy of Osteopathy is what sets it apart from other medical disciplines. The key principles are based on all parts of the body functioning together in an integrated manner. If one part of the body is restricted, then the rest of the body must adapt and compensate for this, eventually leading to inflammation, pain, stiffness and other health conditions. When the body is free of restrictions in movement, Osteopathic treatment assists the body with pain minimization, reduced stress and greater mobility providing the body with the opportunity to heal itself.